There are very few individuals who know more about Dolly Gallagher Levi than I … Oh, and Jerry Herman, of course. However, Richard Skipper certainly comes close. When it comes to the history of Jerry’s brilliant production, beyond the 5000 plus performances of my own, even I turn to Richard Skipper when I have questions about the remarkable ladies who followed me in the role that the world fell in love with over 50 years ago. From the world’s second Dolly, Carole Cook, to the original Broadway production’s last Dolly, Ethel Merman, and all of those talented ladies in between. Pearl Bailey, who made the role of Dolly her own, Phyllis Diller, who has often been mistaken for me and I her, and Eve Arden, who wore the exact same size as I and stepped in for me so I could film Thoroughly Modern Millie. Oh, and don’t forget JoAnne Worley, who so patently waited in the wings as my standby and did such a remarkable job of it when she eventually donned Dolly’s red gown for herself. Dolly is America’s Hamlet and should be treated with the same respect and played by everyone. I am so glad that Richard has taken the time to chronicle the history of the Dollys. She is theatre’s ultimate Broadway Babe … with all due respect to Maria Van Trapp, Eliza Doolittle, Sally Bowles, Mama Rose and Mame.” – Carol Channing
With Bette Midler returning to her musical roots in Broadway AND the first major revival of this show (excluding returns to Broadway with Channing and Bailey), what better time than now to celebrate this landmark musical? It is such an important part of our rich musical theater history. Call on Dolly: from Carol to Bette is a celebration of the wonderful women (and a few good men) who have returned time and time again to the Harmonia Gardens and into our hearts. Channing related a quotation by Sir John Gielgud to TV host Charles Osgood: “You Americans forget your classic characters–I do Hamlet every fifteen years or so. You should continue to do Hello, Dolly! Your contribution to American art form is the American musical comedy– musical theatre.” And Walter Kerr offered that Carol Channing is “the only creature extant who can live up to a Hirschfeld.”
Call on Dolly: From Carol to Bette is based on over 500 interviews that Richard has conducted regarding the various productions and those lucky enough to share the experiences of working with these legendary ladies.
On March 25, 1987 Jerry Herman told Variety: “I don’t want Carol Channing’s performance to be lost…. Can you imagine not having the opening night of Carousel or of South Pacific? ” He repeated this in correspondence dated November 8, 1990, on the occasion of Mary Martin’s passing: “Unfortunately, we weren’t even sneaking video cameras into theaters all those years ago.” He lamented the loss of Merman, concluding: “I miss her a lot and now that Mary and Pearl are gone my list of Dollys grows shorter every year.”
Call on Dolly, refers to the opening song of Hello, Dolly and is not just about the show. It is about an entire “family” of actors and theater professionals who share this common bond.The foreword is graciously provided by the original Dolly, Carol Channing.
From 1964 until 1970, Carol Channing, Ginger Rogers, Martha Raye, Betty Grable, Pearl Bailey, Phyllis Diller and Ethel Merman would put their individual stamp on a star vehicle which we will never see the likes of again. Through the genius of David Merrick’s producing and marketing savvy, by constantly rotating his leading lady, and in the case of Pearl Bailey, an entire company, he was able to keep the show a vital part of the Broadway scene for seven years…even as shows such as Hair and Jesus Christ Superstar were arriving upon the scene. During the course of the Broadway run, Carole Cook led the Australian company. Mary Martin led the international tour (which included Japan, Vietnam, and London).
There were also various companies traveling throughout the US and major Vegas productions including Betty Grable, Ginger Rogers, Dorothy Lamour, Yvonne de Carlo amongst others. The 1969 movie starring Barbra Streisand as Dolly Levi has now become a classic. There is also the film Wall-E with an incredible homage to the film, Hello, Dolly!
There were regional and summer stock companies led by some of the greatest leading ladies in show business.
The original Broadway run (January 16, 1964, at the St. James Theater through December 27, 1970, after 2,844 performances) occurred amidst the historical landscape of the 1960s, including assassinations of the President of the United States, Robert Kennedy and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the Vietnam War, the Watts Riots, AND the way the world listened to popular music when the Beatles hit American shores, also in 1964! This show was the antithesis of what was going on in the world at that time.
When Louis Armstrong recorded Hello, Dolly in 1963, he became the oldest act to top the US charts when his recording reached number one in 1964 knocking the Beatles clear off the charts!
Hello, Dolly, with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman and a book by Michael Stewart, was based on Thornton Wilder’s 1938 farce The Merchant of Yonkers. Wilder revised and retitled The Matchmaker in 1955.
When that became the musical Hello, Dolly, in 1964 history was made. Hello, Dolly surpassed the success of the original source material. The Theatre Guild and David Merrick had presented Ruth Gordon as Dolly Levi in 1955′s The Matchmaker. Nine years later, thanks to the chemistry of the Messrs. Stewart, Champion and Herman– and most especially Carol Channing– a new dimension was brought to the character. Thornton Wilder had told Carol that he had re-written The Matchmaker for thirty-six years and yet never got it as desired until Michael Stewart, Jerry Herman and Gower Champion brought it to the musical theatre.
The story continues to be fascinating to many because of the vibrant personalities associated with the production from Carol Channing to
Sally Struthers The Goodspeed Opera House had a highly successful SOLD OUT run starring Klea Blackhurst as Dolly Levi opposite Tony nominated Tony Sheldon as Horace Vandergelder .
This celebration obviously didn’t stop with the curtain going down on Ethel Merman that long ago December of 1970. The show keeps on giving. There are productions of Hello, Dolly in regional theatres and high schools on any given day of the week. It is still one of the most sought out productions in regional, community, stock, and even in high schools and colleges! The stories and experiences of those who are part of this legacy show the vast changes in the entertainment world over the past fifty years and will be hopefully enjoyed by theater professionals and fans for years to come.
In closing, it was my love of Carol Channing that led me to performing as her in the first place. The icing on the cake was not only becoming a close friend of her and her last husband Harry (even staying in their home!), but becoming friends of her allies and co-stars and friends.
Getting to know these co-stars, especially from Hello, Dolly! led me to the desire to archive their stories in this website, and eventual book.
These experiences of the theater should be remembered by new generations, especially since the theater and how it is performed and perceived is constantly evolving. We will NEVER see that kind of theater and dedication to a particular role ever again. I want the legacy of ALL of the players both on and off-stage to be remembered. I feel on some cosmic level that I will carry that mantle forward to future artists and theater-goers alike.
I do miss performing as Carol but it was time to move on, but who knows? Maybe some day you will see me descend those stairs at the Harmonia Gardens just one more time!